CN107271280A  A kind of impact echo resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method  Google Patents
A kind of impact echo resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method Download PDFInfo
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 CN107271280A CN107271280A CN201710462367.9A CN201710462367A CN107271280A CN 107271280 A CN107271280 A CN 107271280A CN 201710462367 A CN201710462367 A CN 201710462367A CN 107271280 A CN107271280 A CN 107271280A
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 238000002592 echocardiography Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 10
 238000004458 analytical method Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 18
 238000010998 test method Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 10
 238000001228 spectrum Methods 0.000 claims abstract description 6
 238000001514 detection method Methods 0.000 claims description 9
 238000007906 compression Methods 0.000 claims description 6
 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims description 4
 239000002689 soil Substances 0.000 claims description 4
 238000004140 cleaning Methods 0.000 claims description 3
 238000005553 drilling Methods 0.000 claims description 3
 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 claims description 3
 230000015271 coagulation Effects 0.000 claims 1
 238000005345 coagulation Methods 0.000 claims 1
 239000000523 sample Substances 0.000 description 7
 238000010586 diagram Methods 0.000 description 2
 230000004048 modification Effects 0.000 description 2
 238000006011 modification reaction Methods 0.000 description 2
 230000001133 acceleration Effects 0.000 description 1
 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 description 1
 238000006243 chemical reaction Methods 0.000 description 1
 239000003795 chemical substances by application Substances 0.000 description 1
 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 description 1
 238000005516 engineering process Methods 0.000 description 1
 230000035945 sensitivity Effects 0.000 description 1
 238000007493 shaping process Methods 0.000 description 1
 238000010183 spectrum analysis Methods 0.000 description 1
Classifications

 G—PHYSICS
 G01—MEASURING; TESTING
 G01N—INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 G01N3/00—Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
 G01N3/08—Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress by applying steady tensile or compressive forces

 G—PHYSICS
 G01—MEASURING; TESTING
 G01N—INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 G01N2203/00—Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
 G01N2203/0014—Type of force applied
 G01N2203/0016—Tensile or compressive
 G01N2203/0019—Compressive

 G—PHYSICS
 G01—MEASURING; TESTING
 G01N—INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
 G01N2203/00—Investigating strength properties of solid materials by application of mechanical stress
 G01N2203/02—Details not specific for a particular testing method
 G01N2203/06—Indicating or recording means; Sensing means
 G01N2203/0658—Indicating or recording means; Sensing means using acoustic or ultrasonic detectors
Abstract
The invention discloses a kind of impact echo resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, including：Multiple test zones are randomly provided on concrete component to be tested, sensor is attached to the concrete surface of test zone, default pressure is applied to sensor simultaneously, sensor is connected with data collection and analysis instrument, data acquisition and analysis instrument is debugged according to the concrete of test zone, to set the acquisition parameter of data collection and analysis instrument, correspondence position using impactor in the sensor of test zone is tapped, observe the waveform change of timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram, preserve the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band, to obtain 16 groups of wave velocity testing results, reject wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values, velocity of wave typical value is calculated according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result.Method of testing that the present invention is provided is simple, result accurately and reliably, performance is stable, additionally it is possible to consider defect in concrete situation.
Description
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of civil engineering, more particularly to a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment agent on crack resistance of concrete
Compressive Strength method.
Background technology
Because concrete material has simple casting, shaping and conserves convenient, the low remarkable advantage of cost in Bridges in Our Country
And extensive use in Structural Engineering, it is safe that concrete pouring quality also has a strong impact on using for structure.Make extensively both at home and abroad at present
Concrete crushing strength is tested with rebound method, because the test result of this method is to reflecting the concrete quality of body structure surface more
Accurately, it is but helpless to structural concrete inside pouring quality, therefore the test result index for reference only of this method.
Ultrasonic wave is occurred in that in recent years  the method for resilience integration test concrete strength, the probe of ultrasonic wave is being kept
High sensitivity, and impact echo uses acceleration transducer, sensor is under various fixed forms, and its frequency response curve has
Longer flat, is conducive to spectrum analysis and energy spectrometer, but its frequency response characteristic is typically poor, to frequency analysis and
Amplitude analysis is all relatively difficult.
The content of the invention
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method,
At least partly solve the problem of existing method of testing is complicated, accuracy rate is low, performance is unstable.
Therefore, the present invention provides a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, including：
Multiple test zones are randomly provided on concrete component to be tested, and to the concrete table of the test zone
Face is handled, so that the concrete surface of the test zone keeps smooth and cleaning；
Sensor is attached to the concrete surface of the test zone, while applying default pressure to the sensor
Power, the sensor is connected with data collection and analysis instrument；
The data collection and analysis instrument is debugged according to the concrete of the test zone, to set the data to adopt
The acquisition parameter of set analysis instrument；
Correspondence position using impactor in the sensor of the test zone is tapped, when detection process appearance is suspicious
During test point, the suspicious test point is carried out repeating detection or encryption detection；
The waveform change of timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram is observed, the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band is preserved, to obtain 16 groups of velocities of wave
Test result, rejects wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values, and calculating velocity of wave according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result represents
Value：
V is the velocity of wave typical value among the concrete of test zone, and its unit is km/s；
L_{i}For the detected component thickness of ith of test point, its unit is mm；
t_{0}It is ith of test point in time t_{0}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s；
t_{i}It is ith of test point in time t_{i}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s.
Optionally, when the thickness of the concrete of the test zone is unknown, or during wave velocity testing results abnormity, described
The correspondence position drilling of the concrete of test zone, to obtain concrete core sample；
The velocity of wave typical value of concrete core sample according to abovementioned method of testing onthespot test：
V_{p}=β V
β is the cross section shape coefficient of the concrete core sample, and when section is plate, β is 0.96, when section is other shapes
When, onthespot test is carried out to β.
Optionally, in addition to：
Concrete surface using reisilometer in the test zone tests concrete strength, to obtain 16 groups of rebound value surveys
Test result, rejects wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values, is represented according to remaining 10 rebound value test result calculations resilience
Value：
R_{ai}For the resilience typical value of the concrete of the test zone, the average value of Validity Test data is taken, is accurate to
0.1MPa；
R_{i}For the rebound value of ith of test point.
Optionally, in addition to：
When the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is cobble
When the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is rubble
f_{cu,i} ^{c}For the compression strength scaled value of the concrete of ith of test zone, its unit is MPa, is accurate to 0.1MPa；
λ is the Poisson's ratio of the concrete material of the test zone.
Optionally, in addition to：
When the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is not less than 10, the concrete to be tested
The average value and standard deviation of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of component are calculated according to equation below：
For the average value of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested,
It is accurate to 0.1MPa；
For the standard deviation of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested,
It is accurate to 0.01MPa；
N is test zone quantity, for the test of single concrete component, and n is the test zone quantity of single component, right
In the test of batch concrete component, n is the summation of the test zone for all components inspected by random samples.
Optionally, in addition to：
Occur being less than 10.0MPa among the compression strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested
Numerical value when, the concrete crushing strength presumed value f of the concrete component to be tested_{cu,e}It is set smaller than 10MPa；
When the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is less than 10, the concrete structure to be tested
The concrete crushing strength presumed value of part
f_{cu,e}=f_{cu} ^{c} _{,min}
When the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is not less than 10 or carries out batch testing, institute
State the concrete crushing strength presumed value of concrete component to be tested
The present invention has following beneficial effects：
The impact echo that the present invention is providedresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method includes：Mixed in be tested
Multiple test zones are randomly provided on solidifying soil component, sensor is attached to the concrete surface of test zone, while to sensing
Device applies default pressure, and sensor is connected with data collection and analysis instrument, according to the concrete of test zone to data acquisition point
Analyzer is debugged, to set the acquisition parameter of data collection and analysis instrument, using impactor the sensor of test zone pair
Position is answered to be tapped, the waveform change of observation timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram preserves the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band, to obtain 16
Group wave velocity testing result, rejects wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values, and ripple is calculated according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result
Fast typical value.Method of testing that the present invention is provided is simple, result accurately and reliably, performance is stable, additionally it is possible to consider inside concrete
Defect situation.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method that the embodiment of the present invention one is provided
Schematic diagram.
Embodiment
To make those skilled in the art more fully understand technical scheme, the present invention is carried below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings
The impact echo of confessionresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method is described in detail, but protection scope of the present invention
It is not limited to this.
Embodiment one
The present embodiment provides a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, this method of testing
Simply, accurately and reliably, performance is stable, additionally it is possible to consider defect in concrete situation for result.Fig. 1 is that the embodiment of the present invention one is carried
A kind of schematic diagram of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method supplied.As shown in figure 1, the present embodiment exists
Be randomly provided multiple test zones on concrete component 1 to be tested, and to the concrete surface of the test zone at
Reason, so that the concrete surface of the test zone keeps smooth and cleaning.Sensor 2 is attached to the mixed of the test zone
Solidifying soil surface, while applying default pressure to the sensor 2, the sensor 2 is connected with data collection and analysis instrument 3.
In the present embodiment, the data collection and analysis instrument 3 is debugged according to the concrete of the test zone, to set
Put the acquisition parameter of the data collection and analysis instrument 3.Using impactor 4 the sensor 2 of the test zone correspondence position
Tapped, when suspicious test point occurs in detection process, the suspicious test point is carried out repeating detection or encryption detection.
The waveform change of timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram is observed, the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band is preserved, to obtain 16 groups of wave velocity testing results,
Wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values are rejected, the present embodiment calculates velocity of wave according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result and represented
Value：
Wherein, V is the velocity of wave typical value among the concrete of test zone, and its unit is km/s；L_{i}For ith of test point
Detected component thickness, its unit be mm；t_{0}It is ith of test point in time t_{0}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s；t_{i}For
Ith of test point is in time t_{i}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s.
In the present embodiment, when the thickness of the concrete of the test zone is unknown, or during wave velocity testing results abnormity,
The correspondence position drilling of the concrete of the test zone, to obtain concrete core sample.The present embodiment is according to abovementioned method of testing
The velocity of wave typical value of concrete core sample described in onthespot test：
V_{p}=β V
β is the cross section shape coefficient of the concrete core sample, and when section is plate, β is 0.96, when section is other shapes
When, onthespot test is carried out to β.Therefore, the present embodiment is provided method of testing is simple, result accurately and reliably, performance is stable, moreover it is possible to
Enough consider defect in concrete situation.
Concrete surface of the present embodiment using reisilometer 5 in the test zone tests concrete strength, to obtain 16
Group rebound value test result, rejects wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values, according to remaining 10 rebound value test result meter
Calculate resilience typical value：
R_{ai}For the resilience typical value of the concrete of the test zone, the average value of Validity Test data is taken, is accurate to
0.1MPa.Wherein, R_{i}For the rebound value of ith of test point.
In the present embodiment, when the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is cobble
When the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is rubble
Wherein, f_{cu,i} ^{c}For the compression strength scaled value of the concrete of ith of test zone, its unit is MPa, is accurate to
0.1MPa.λ is the Poisson's ratio of the concrete material of the test zone.Therefore, method of testing is simple, result accurately and reliably, property
Can be stable, additionally it is possible to consider defect in concrete situation.
It is described to treat when the test zone quantity of the concrete component 1 to be tested is not less than 10 in the present embodiment
The average value and standard deviation of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of the concrete component 1 of test are calculated according to equation below：
Wherein,For the test zone of the concrete component 1 to be tested concrete crushing strength scaled value it is flat
Average, is accurate to 0.1MPa.For the concrete crushing strength conversion of the test zone of the concrete component 1 to be tested
The standard deviation of value, is accurate to 0.01MPa.N is test zone quantity, for the test of single concrete component 1, and n is single structure
The test zone quantity of part, for the test of batch concrete component 1, n is the total of the test zone for all components inspected by random samples
With.
In the present embodiment, go out among the compression strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component 1 to be tested
When being now less than 10.0MPa numerical value, the concrete crushing strength presumed value f of the concrete component 1 to be tested_{cu,e}It is set to
Less than 10MPa.Optionally, it is described to be tested when the test zone quantity of the concrete component 1 to be tested is less than 10
Concrete component 1 concrete crushing strength presumed value
f_{cu,e}=f_{cu} ^{c} _{,min}
Optionally, when the test zone quantity of the concrete component 1 to be tested is not less than 10 or carries out batch
During test, the concrete crushing strength presumed value of the concrete component 1 to be tested
A kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method is present embodiments provided, including：To be measured
Multiple test zones are randomly provided on the concrete component of examination, sensor are attached to the concrete surface of test zone, simultaneously
Default pressure is applied to sensor, sensor is connected with data collection and analysis instrument, according to the concrete of test zone to data
Acquisition and analysis instrument is debugged, to set the acquisition parameter of data collection and analysis instrument, using impactor test zone sensing
The correspondence position of device is tapped, the waveform change of observation timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram, preserves the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band, with
16 groups of wave velocity testing results are obtained, wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values are rejected, according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result
Calculate velocity of wave typical value.Method of testing that the present embodiment is provided is simple, result accurately and reliably, performance is stable, additionally it is possible to consider mixed
Solidifying soil internal flaw situation.
It is understood that the principle that embodiment of above is intended to be merely illustrative of the present and the exemplary implementation that uses
Mode, but the invention is not limited in this.For those skilled in the art, the essence of the present invention is not being departed from
In the case of refreshing and essence, various changes and modifications can be made therein, and these variations and modifications are also considered as protection scope of the present invention.
Claims (6)
1. a kind of impact echoresilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that including：
Multiple test zones are randomly provided on concrete component to be tested, and the concrete surface of the test zone is entered
Row processing, so that the concrete surface of the test zone keeps smooth and cleaning；
Sensor is attached to the concrete surface of the test zone, while applying default pressure, institute to the sensor
Sensor is stated to be connected with data collection and analysis instrument；
The data collection and analysis instrument is debugged according to the concrete of the test zone, to set the data acquisition point
The acquisition parameter of analyzer；
Correspondence position using impactor in the sensor of the test zone is tapped, when suspicious test occurs in detection process
During point, the suspicious test point is carried out repeating detection or encryption detection；
The waveform change of timedomain curve and amplitude spectrogram is observed, the amplitude spectrum of effective wave band is preserved, to obtain 16 groups of wave velocity testings
As a result, wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values are rejected, velocity of wave typical value is calculated according to remaining 10 wave velocity testing result：
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V is the velocity of wave typical value among the concrete of test zone, and its unit is km/s；
L_{i}For the detected component thickness of ith of test point, its unit is mm；
t_{0}It is ith of test point in time t_{0}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s；
t_{i}It is ith of test point in time t_{i}Ripple when reading, its unit be μ s.
2. impact echo according to claim 1resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that
When the thickness of the concrete of the test zone is unknown, or during wave velocity testing results abnormity, in the coagulation of the test zone
The correspondence position drilling of soil, to obtain concrete core sample；
The velocity of wave typical value of concrete core sample according to abovementioned method of testing onthespot test：
V_{p}=β V
β is the cross section shape coefficient of the concrete core sample, and when section is plate, β is 0.96, when section is other shapes,
Onthespot test is carried out to β.
3. impact echo according to claim 2resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that
Also include：
Concrete surface using reisilometer in the test zone tests concrete strength, is tied with obtaining 16 groups of rebound value tests
Really, wherein 3 maximums and 3 minimum values are rejected, according to remaining 10 rebound value test result calculations resilience typical value：
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R_{ai}For the resilience typical value of the concrete of the test zone, the average value of Validity Test data is taken, 0.1MPa is accurate to；
R_{i}For the rebound value of ith of test point.
4. impact echo according to claim 3resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that
Also include：
When the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is cobble
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When the coarse aggregate of the concrete of the test zone is rubble
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f_{cu,i} ^{c}For the compression strength scaled value of the concrete of ith of test zone, its unit is MPa, is accurate to 0.1MPa；
λ is the Poisson's ratio of the concrete material of the test zone.
5. impact echo according to claim 4resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that
Also include：
When the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is not less than 10, the concrete component to be tested
Concrete crushing strength scaled value average value and standard deviation calculated according to equation below：
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For the average value of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested, accurately
To 0.1MPa；
For the standard deviation of the concrete crushing strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested, accurately
To 0.01MPa；
N is test zone quantity, for the test of single concrete component, and n is the test zone quantity of single component, for criticizing
The test of concrete component is measured, n is the summation of the test zone for all components inspected by random samples.
6. impact echo according to claim 5resilience Comprehensive Assessment concrete crushing strength method, it is characterised in that
Also include：
Occurs the number less than 10.0MPa among the compression strength scaled value of the test zone of the concrete component to be tested
During value, the concrete crushing strength presumed value f of the concrete component to be tested_{cu,e}It is set smaller than 10MPa；
When the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is less than 10, the concrete component to be tested
Concrete crushing strength presumed value
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It is described to treat when the test zone quantity of the concrete component to be tested is not less than 10 or carries out batch testing
The concrete crushing strength presumed value of the concrete component of test
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CN108007403A (en) *  20171220  20180508  浙江大学  The ultrasonic online detecting method and device of the solid layer thickness of micro foaming injection moulding product 
CN109239316A (en) *  20180808  20190118  哈尔滨工业大学（深圳）  A kind of concrete strength monitoring device and monitoring method 
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CN108007403A (en) *  20171220  20180508  浙江大学  The ultrasonic online detecting method and device of the solid layer thickness of micro foaming injection moulding product 
CN109239316A (en) *  20180808  20190118  哈尔滨工业大学（深圳）  A kind of concrete strength monitoring device and monitoring method 
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